Thèse : Conception de surfaces superhydrophobes anti-bioadhésives.
à 10h en salle C. Brot
Bacterial surface contamination is a natural and spontaneous process involved in serious infections. Currently, biocidal materials are used to avoid the biocontamination. However, these methods are not sufficient because of their toxicity, their loss of efficiency over time and mainly because they can make the bacteria more resistant. The biofilm formation involving the bacterial adhesion on surfaces, new strategies have been developed with the conception of surfaces reducing their interactions with bacteria, such as superhydrophobic surfaces. In fact, bacterial adhesion could be reduced by the presence of an air layer between superhydrophobic surface and bacteria. In this project, two substrates have been made superhydrophobic : 316 stainless steel by electrodeposition of hydrocarbon or fluorocarbon polymers, derived from poly(3,4- ethylenedioxythiophene), and PET by successive plasma treatments of oxygen, polypyrrole and CF4. The control of experimental parameters led to different water repellency and surface morphologies, and allows the study of the effect of these physico-chemical properties on the bioadhesion and the biofilm formation with three bacteria : P. aeruginosa, L. monocytogenes and S. aureus. Thus, it has been shown the important role of fluorinated chains and controlled surface structures to reduce the surface biocontamination.
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